On May 29, the United Nations celebrates International Peacekeepers Day #PKDay. A day to honor the more than one million men and women who served under the UN flag in one of 14 peacekeeping missions deployed on more than four continents. On this occasion, the United Nations Mission in support of Justice in Haiti (UNMIJUSTH), in partnership with Haitian institutions, organized a conference-debate in Port-au-Prince followed by round tables on the theme “Maintaining peace in Haiti: progress and preservation of gains “. The opportunity to engage civil society and youth around public security, the rule of law, human rights and gender equality.
This year marks a milestone particular step for the presence of the United Nations in Haiti, that of the end of peacekeeping operations in the country. That is why a special activity was organized on the occasion of the International Day of Peacekeepers, to celebrate the partnership between Haiti and the United Nations. But also to highlight the main achievements made by the country, including with the support of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), from 2004 to 2017, then UNMIJTH, from 2017 to 2019, and with the presence of the 19 agencies, funds and programs that make up the United Nations family in Haiti
Invited as panelists, representatives of national authorities reported on progress made in the areas of public security, state law and human rights with the support of the two peacekeeping missions and the UN family. Everyone wanted to shed light on the current situation of the country and the needs to preserve the gains.
In the image of Michel Ange Gédéon, Director General of the National Police of Haiti (PNH), who has First of all, he expressed his gratitude to the United Nations for their support of the police institution: “A good part of the good figures of the PNH are related to the support for 15 years of the international police officers of the United Nations Missions. Today, the PNH is ready to manage this legacy, determined to go all the way to pacify the country. “
Following him, the Government Commissioner at the Court of First Instance (TPI) of Port-au -Prince, Paul Eronce Villard, for his part thanked personally the support of the United Nations. He recalled that the earthquake that affected Port-au-Prince in 2010 completely destroyed the judicial infrastructure in Haiti. The Commissioner of Government, however, wanted to highlight the progress made in the fight against prolonged pre-trial detention, with the restructuring of the prosecution but also the introduction of a production quota of acts for the 23 substitutes (40 acts of accusations in 6 months to more than 530 in 4 months.)
The Protector-Deputy Citizen (OPC), Me Fritz Jean, for his part held to honor the memory of the 98 peacekeepers disappeared around the world in 2018 asking for a minute of silence. With regard to the promotion and respect of human rights in Haiti, he acknowledged that there was still a great deal of work to be done, particularly with regard to economic, social and cultural rights, which he said he
Also present, the Director of Prison Administration (DAP), Charles Nazaire Noel, affirmed that his institution was “an extremely important link in the Haitian criminal chain” and that ” when the DAP is in poor health, the entire criminal chain suffers. ” According to him, his partnership with MINUSTAH, and then with UNMIJTH, helped the prison to stand up and modernize its long-term development. Mr. Noël did not fail to mention that the DAP was developing a prison certification process with the UNMIJUSTH Correctional Unit, which will soon allow the institution to evaluate its prison operations in relation to the international standards established in the
Guaranteeing and promoting human rights is not only to please, or to respect an international obligation, but to try to guarantee peace.
For Jose Aristild, Representative of the Interministerial Committee for Human Rights (CIDP), disturbances to peace “are the results of violated rights, human rights violations.” Despite the challenges, he highlighted the progress made in the field: “Previously, the Haitian State was often criticized for not submitting reports to the treaty bodies, which are obligations contracted by the Republic of Haiti, which has ratified these agreements. We have been able to gain efficiencies in the production of reports. Guaranteeing and promoting human rights means trying to guarantee peace. “
The Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Haiti, Dr. Mamadou Diallo, reiterated the commitment of United Nations to continue to accompany Haiti in the consolidation of gains and in its path to sustainable development
#MesEngagementsHAITI: and you, what are your commitments for Haiti?
Young people and representatives of the civil society, more than 50 came to attend the conference-debate and the round tables organized for the celebration of the International Day of Blue Helmets in Haiti. For these actors of change, an opportunity to work together to identify what works in the actions already underway, but also to ensure their sustainability. A point quer emphasizes Jean-Louis Ramong, a lawyer at the bar of Port-au-Prince: “Human rights actors have a responsibility to ensure the sustainability of actions undertaken by UNMIJUSTH. Our own means are sufficient: we need will, organization and work in synergy. “
Member of the NGO Vwajenès, Pamela Pierre recognizes progress made in the field of the state “There are many gains in the sector. First, there is greater youth participation in politics, but also more women's engagement through feminist organizations. We can also speak of a progress of equality before the law in Haiti. Before, politicians tended to really feel above the law. Now, we hear it on the radio, they are more exposed to the law. “
At the closing of the event, the young representative of Vwajenès chose to participate in the campaign #MesEngagementsHAITI with a sign:” Je m ' is committed to being even more active in the development of women and young people “. And this is the whole purpose of this day: to take stock of the progress made to create a space for dialogue and reciprocal engagement of the authorities, civil society and young people, as part of the transition towards the end peacekeeping operations in Haiti
“The PNH is committed to work to continue to create a climate of peace, security for the entire national territory, especially in neighborhoods where violence is currently raging” , sign its Managing Director, Michelangelo Gideon. An awareness of each and everyone of the need to engage at its level and to network to increase the impact in preparation for departure from UNMIJUSTH on October 15, 2019. Since January 2019, the schoolchildren of the project #It was unfair made requests for commitments to national authorities in the areas of public safety, the rule of law and human rights. Being compiled by UNMIJUST, these commitments constitute for the institutions of the country a set of specifications vis-à-vis the Haitian youth.
Each to his measure has his role to play in order to support public security, the rule of law and human rights in Haiti. A promise of self-help that is vital to preserving hard-won gains in recent years.