The cell phone market in America, Latin America and the Caribbean, with precariousness and poverty, seems to want to adopt much more the profile of that of Asia than that of the United States of America. China, the largest cell phone market in the world and also the largest population, is the basis of this new trend. At present, 6 of the 10 leading cell phone manufacturers (smartphones and others) in the world are Chinese ( Huawei, Oppo, Vivo , Xiaomi, Lenovo, Oneplus ).
Samsung and Apple have serious difficulties following the pace imposed by the Chinese giant Huawei. Only a war can change this new reality of the global telecommunications industry This war may be commercial, technological or otherwise. The Trump Administration is preparing for it and countries from different continents are invited. Latin America seems to want to resist. Caribbean countries are in the midst of balancing the region's development needs, China's huge investment in infrastructure and so on, and the importance of maintaining good and close relations with the United States. . Haiti, for the moment and for its part, after the publication of the report of the Superior Court of Accounts and Administrative Contentious, in full struggle for his dignity, is also concerned.
By Montaigne Marcelin
Tuesday, June 11, 2019 ((rezonodwes.com)) – According to the online newspaper Dpl.news (Digitalpolicylaw), Latin America challenges the efforts of the Trump administration to put the region against Huawei and chose to stay near Beijing instead of joining the US campaign to exclude Chinese society from telecommunications networks.
diplomats say, according to the news agency, that
US authorities urge Latin American countries to emulate the decision
Washington to exclude Huawei from its 5G networks, warning that Beijing
could use the company for espionage activities. But the
Brazil, under the regime of the right-wing president Jair Bolsonaro, yet allied with
his American counterpart Donald Trump, leads the resistance. Hamilton Mourao,
Vice President of Brazil, said that his government saw “Huawei
with good eyes “, while traveling to Beijing with a delegation
at the end of May
is established in Brazil and will make more investments, “he said,
adding that representatives of Chinese society had arrived at his
Brasilia office in May to present their expansion plans. The
Brazil, Mexico and Argentina, the three largest economies in America
Latin America, must decide this year or early 2020 whether they will allow Huawei to
participate in the deployment of the 5G mobile infrastructure in their countries, writes
reminds the newspaper, Wilbur Ross, Secretary of Commerce, left no doubt
on an audience of Mexican and American businessmen about that
the Trump administration was thinking of Huawei's expansion plans in 5G in
Latin America. “We do not want a very active participation
Chinese investments in Mexico, and especially not in projects
strategic, “said Ross, said Alfonso Romo, head of the office of
the presidency of the government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador
South American diplomat said “there is a lot of pressure from
United States not to allow Huawei to enter, “pointing out that the
pressure on Huawei is one of the reasons for his visits to the
region that US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, is taking place this year. But
the efforts of the Trump administration have apparently failed, at least
for the time being. Sebastián Piñera, President of Chile, met in April
Huawei's chairman, Liang Hua, in Shenzhen and said, “Huawei is
invited to participate in public calls for tenders “in Chile for
5G projects and a fiber optic cable in Chile, writes the newspaper online.
Salinas, a media mogul close to Lopez Obrador in Mexico, said:
“I have only good things to say about Huawei. I think it is
a shame that these Americans make to sink them. “Ernesto
Piedras, head of the consulting firm of the intelligence service
competitive, explained that Mexico's telecommunications networks
were heavily dependent on Huawei. Mexico is dominated by America
Móvil and the American giant AT & T, who gained access to the market by buying
local networks that “were totally Huawei there are six
years “. AT & T Mexico has the Chinese DNA, “said
Piedras. The US ban would delay global deployment of
5G between 10 and 14 months, he added, making it unlikely that
Mexico before 2023.
analysts, Huawei has the best equipment for 5G, adding that
There was no American supplier capable of competing with them in
Latin America. The only viable providers are Samsung, Ericsson and
Nokia, which would have a higher cost. The American campaign against
Huawei is linked to Trump's trade war with China
lobbied European governments to veto Huawei
and threatened to limit the exchange of information with the United Kingdom if
did not line up. But for Latin America, where growth
weaker, it is imperative to attract investment and
Beijing, Bruno Rodriguez, Cuban Minister for Foreign Affairs, whose
government is the communist regime, said the head of the
Chinese news Xinhua: “We have business relations
with Huawei, and Cuba has every confidence in technology
Chinese and this particular company. ” He said the United States ”
losing technological competence “against China and uses” tools
rudimentary typical of another era “to stop its expansion.
leader of an international telecommunications company operating in
Argentina pointed out that “there is no way to exclude
Huawei. ” If the presidential candidate chosen by the President of
left Cristina Fernández wins the October elections, it is likely that
Buenos Aires will align with Beijing. Brazil's opposition to a
Huawei's ban goes against the more general political affinity of
Bolsonaro with Trump.
this partly reflects the influence of the farming community that led her to
power, which depends on China as a big buyer. Larissa
Wachholz, director of Vallya, a consulting firm that brings
Chinese investors in Brazil, said that unless it is shown that
China had access to data from other countries via 5G technology, “the
Brazil will not prevent Huawei from participating. “
The Chinese government has assembled a
state-of-the-art technology and warned that it could suffer consequences if its
sales were interrupted in this country, media reported Saturday
US. One by one last week, the Chinese government brought together
executives from US companies Dell and Microsoft and South Korea
Samsung, among others, to warn them.
companies have been informed that “Trump's determination has disrupted the
global supply chain and that companies that follow this
are likely to have permanent consequences, “reported the NYT.
companies based outside the United States were informed that they would not be
not penalized if they maintained their activities normally, according to the New
York Times. Facebook has announced that it will stop preinstalling its
applications on Huawei devices to comply with US standards,
concludes the information agency specialized in the digital ecosystem.
consequences for the Caribbean?
According to David Jessop consultant, for
countries of the Caribbean, this is particularly complicated because not only these
countries are geographically close to the United States, but the USA / China break
the moment the region hopes to expand its future relationship
trade and investment with Washington.
the Secretary General of CARICOM, Irwin LaRocque, recently pointed out,
he continues, the region wants the US to extend the waiver
granted by the World Trade Organization (WTO) to the Law on
Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership (CBTPA) Beyond Expiry
in December, to allow Caribbean goods to remain
reciprocal. duty-free access to the United States market.
In addition, CARICOM has already concluded a detailed agreement with the United States on
which provides for a wide range of regional initiatives ranging from
the treatment of organized crime in the exchange of information and terrorism, and
understands how the United States could help create a partnership
for resilience in the Caribbean around reducing the risks of
disaster and response, and develops new energy initiatives,
does he foresee.
this, most countries in the region also want relationships
positive and narrow with China, ideally of the type of “second
generation “which is growing rapidly with the Republic
Dominican. Since the
relations were established in 2018, Dominican exports to China
quadrupled to US $ 180 million in the first
quarter of this year. possibly direct flights, and there are
unconfirmed reports that President Xi could visit the Dominican Republic
in the near future.
remains to be seen, according to this consultant, how much the United States has
intends to negotiate new trade agreements with the Caribbean, but
the selection of a limited number of Caribbean leaders to attend the meeting of
Mar-a-Lago with President Trump in March and his recent statements John
Bolton, his national security advisor, on relations with the
China, Venezuela and Cuba are not auspicious.
In the coming months, Caribbean leaders will have to find a balance
between the development needs of the region, the huge sums invested
by China in infrastructure and investment, and the importance of
maintain close relations with the United States, says Jessop.
are the consequences for the telecom industry in Haiti?
US sanctions against Huawei arrive
also at a time when Haiti is embroiled in an acute political crisis
the majority of the population in the face of a diet (PHTK and allies) whose
second report of the Superior Court of Accounts and Litigation
Administrative has just officially shown the true nature and the true face.
In a context where death squads and gangs
of all kinds in the service of a system that does not want to die occupy
different areas of power, no official reaction is expected from
the part of the de facto authorities currently in Haiti.
However, we can try to measure the
concerns of other players in the telecom industry in Haiti, such as
phone, the sellers of
smartphone manufacturer Huawei and users after, by example ads from Google, YouTube and Facebook who want to
comply with the orders of the Trump Administration by prohibiting the access of
Huawei phones to their applications
Haiti, officially, is on the eve
deployment of new 4G-LTE networks.
When we know Huawei's involvement in setting up 4G-LTE networks
of the Caribbean, US sanctions against the Chinese giant
Telecom equipment can only come to thwart some plans
in Haiti. Especially since ZTE is already in the US viewfinder.
also that all major Chinese phone brands are found on
the telephone market in Haiti. They are: Huawei, Oppo, Vivo,
Xiaomi, Lenovo, Oneplus .
Apple does not sell well in Asian markets as well as markets
US. While the Indian market is about to supplant
United States as the second largest market for smartphones,
companies like Huawei are preparing for a takeover. It is
also the case at the level of the large masses of users of
mobile phones in Haiti, the Caribbean and Latin America.
Some people think
that Huawei could be better for the Caribbean countries for 5 main
Best Quality –
range and budget –
Best Pricing –
and Apple are too expensive or too weak –
best options –
for Huawei and other Chinese cell phones, according to others
observers, is that they are perceived
Latin America, the Caribbean and Haiti as having a better relationship
Quality / Price.
In his struggle
trade with China is all this and perhaps even more so than
proposes to change the Trump Administration. The whole question is whether this
suffice to justify a world war?
June 11, 2019