Obesity grows by 3.6 million people every year in the region, while hunger has increased in the last years since 2014, according to a new report from FAO, PAHO, UNICEF and WFP.
SANTIAGO DE CHILE / PANAMA CITY – Hunger malnutrition, lack of micronutrients, overweight and obesity have greater impact on people, lower income, women, indigenous people, Afro-descendants and rural families in Latin America and the Caribbean, according to a new report
The Panorama of Food and Nutrition Security 2018, focuses on the close linkages between economic and social inequality and the highest levels of hunger, obesity and malnutrition of the most vulnerable populations of the region.
According to the report, in Latin America, 8.4 % of women live in severe food insecurity, compared to 6.9% of men, while indigenous populations In ten countries, children from the poorest 20% of the fami lies in the region of the world.
The Panorama indicates that one of the main causes of malnutrition in vulnerable population groups are the changes that the region's
These changes have affected the whole population, but the most excluded members of society have suffered the worst effects; (19659003) To respond to growing malnutrition, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1965). FAO), the Pan-American Health Organization (PAHO), the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), and the World Food Program (WFP), call on countries to implement public policies (19659003 ] Each year obesity grows by 3.6 million people
Obesity has become the greatest nutritional threat in Latin America and the Caribbean. Nearly one in four adults is obese. Overweight affects 73% (3.9 million) of children under 5 years of age, a figure that exceeds the average of 5.6%, the Panorama report indicates.
“Obesity is growing uncontrollably. Each year we are adding 3.6 million obese people to this region. 250 million people live with overweight, 60% of the regional population. The situation is appalling, “said FAO Regional Representative Julio Berdegué.
” Although undernourishment persists in the region, particularly in vulnerable populations, we must also consider obesity and overweight, which also affect these groups. A multisectoral approach is needed, “said Carissa F. Etienne,” with respect to these forms of malnutrition, such as access to education, water and sanitation, and health services. Director of PAHO / WHO. “
For the third consecutive year, undernourishment increased
According to the following:” We must advance to universal care so that all people can receive the care and prevention measures they need to malnutrition and its long-term consequences. to the Panorama, hunger affects 39.3 million people in Latin America and the Caribbean, 6.1% of the regional population Between 2015 and 2016, the number of undernourished people grew by 200 thousand people Between 2016 and 2017, the increase was 400 thousand; This is increasing the speed of deterioration is
Since 2014, Argentina, Bolivia and Venezuela are increasing their numbers of people in the world.
Venezuela (3.7 million, 11.7% of its population), along with Haiti (5 million, 45.7% of its population and Mexico City (4.8 million, 3.8% of its population).
It should be noted, however, that in Haiti and Mexico, it has fallen into the Dominican Republic. They are the only countries that have made this reduction since 2014.
El Salvador, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay and El Salvador. Peru.
According to the Social and Social Survey, 1965, 2000, and the United States of America. economic inequalities are also apparent in child stunting. In Honduras, stunting affects 42% of children in lower income families and only 8% of those living in higher income contexts. In Guatemala, the difference is greater: Stunting affects the poorest 66% and only 17% of the children of higher-income families.
Stunting is also greater in the indigenous population. In Ecuador, 42% of indigenous children lived with chronic malnutrition compared to 25% of the national average (2012). In Guatemala, stunting affected 61% of indigenous children in 2014-2015 and only 34% of non-indigenous children.
Children in rural areas. In Belize, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Suriname
“Stunting is closely correlated with inequality and inequality. poverty, but overweight is also affecting the poorest children. They said: “María Cristina Perceval, regional director for UNICEF Latin America and the Caribbean.
Women suffer more food insecurity than men
The Panorama indicates that 19 million women suffer from severe food insecurity, compared to 15 million men. In all the countries of the region, the obesity rate is higher than that of men. In 1965, the rate of female obesity is at least 10 percentage points higher than that of men.
“Gender equity is a valuable policy instrument to reduce inequalities” Miguel Barreto, Regional Director of WFP for Latin America and the Caribbean
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