CS / 13856
25 JUNE 2019
In order to succeed the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Haiti, whose final withdrawal is scheduled for mid-October, the Security Council decided to create, for an initial period of one year, the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti, which will be responsible for “advising” and “supporting” the Government of Haiti in its efforts to strengthen the country's political stability and good governance . Echoing the disappointment of several members of the Council, who would have liked a more ambitious mandate, the Government of the country regretted that the new mission was not more “up to the difficulties” facing Haiti.
In its resolution 2466 (2019), adopted last April, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in Support of Justice in Haiti (UNMIJUSTH) for a final term, to expire on 15 October 2019. The Council had also requested the Secretary-General to plan the maintenance of an appropriate United Nations presence in Haiti, in addition to his country team, including through the establishment of a special political mission.
made. The new United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti (UNHIN), established by resolution 2476 (2019) adopted this morning, will take office the day after the withdrawal of MINUJUSTH on 16 October, for an initial period of 12 months. Under the resolution, adopted by 13 votes in favor and 2 abstentions (China and the Dominican Republic), UNIHRI will be led by a special representative of the Secretary-General, whose appointment should take place “as soon as possible”, and will play a role. good offices, advice and political awareness.
The moment is “historic”, judged the United States, at the origin of the text. UNMIUS, and before that, the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), have successfully contributed to strengthening democracy in Haiti, welcomed the US representative, seeing in the transition announced today the reflection of this new reality on the ground
Concretely, the UNHIB will be tasked with advising the Government of Haiti on ways to promote and strengthen political stability and good governance in the country, as well as to support it in order to: plan and hold free, fair and transparent elections; Strengthen the capacity of the National Police to deal with gang and sexual violence, including training on human rights and crowd control; reduce neighborhood violence, particularly gang violence; fight against human rights abuses; improve the management of the prison administration in order to treat detainees in accordance with international standards; reforming the justice sector to fight corruption and prolonged pretrial detention, while ensuring that the appointment of judges is based on merit and that they are renewed in a timely manner.
While thanking the United States for their initiative, Peru expressed disappointment that the resolution does not mention the roles of the Peacebuilding Fund and the Ad Hoc Advisory Group on Haiti, which could contribute, according to Lima, to UNHIN efforts, and Haiti's “high vulnerability” to climate change. We are indeed “surprised and disappointed” that the text does not refer to the security consequences of the effects of climate change on the country, added Germany, even though the Council has never stopped since 2011, to worry about climatic factors in the worsening of threats to international peace. As one of the most vulnerable countries to the “threat multipliers” of climate change, Haiti is likely to see new conflicts on its territory, warned the German representative, calling on the Council to dimension in its decisions, based on reliable data and risk analyzes. Ignoring climate change does not remove the threat they represent and undermines the effectiveness of the Council's work, the country insisted.
Such an omission is all the more damaging, added France, that the situation The country is currently marked by political instability, the deterioration of the economic situation, the very worrying state of public finances, food insecurity, difficulties of access to basic services and high levels of violence. The integrated Bureau will therefore begin its mission in a difficult context and it is to be feared, alas, that this “extremely volatile” situation will deteriorate in the weeks and months to come, warned the representative of France. [19659002Facedwiththis”obviousdeterioration”inthesecuritysituationwewouldhavewantedabroaderrobustandmulti-dimensionalmandatedeclaredtheDominicanRepublicwhichabstainedinthevoteButtheproposaloftheSecretary-GeneralisnotpreciseenoughinitsobjectivesnorsufficientlywidetopreservethestabilityofHaitiestimatedthecountryAccordingtohimanapproach”basedexclusivelyonsecurity”isinsufficient;itmustbecoupledwithsupportforstrengtheningHaiti'spoliticalandelectoralsystemThenewmissioncouldhavegotofftoaflyingstartbytakingintoaccountallaspectsoftheHaitiancrisistheDominicanRepubliccontinuedwhosenationalterritoryislocatedonthesameislandasHaitiHoweverwearedisappointedthatthisopportunitytoparticipateactivelyintheimprovementofHaiti'sfuture”isreducedtoamissionwithlimitedresourcesandresources”
Despite our difficult national context, the creation of BINUH is a not in the right direction, nuanced Haiti. While our country faces major difficulties, the situation does not pose a threat to regional peace and security, he said, praising the Council's commitment to Haitian sovereignty and independence. Recalling that the work of the new Office will focus primarily on providing strategic advice to the Haitian authorities, the country has called on the United Nations to strive to work “concretely” for the benefit of all Haitians.
however build a safe and stable environment in a context marked by poverty, hunger, social inequality and exclusion, noted Haiti. In this context, “we would have wanted a special political mission to match the difficulties facing the country,” he regretted, emphasizing the political, economic, security, food, humanitarian and environmental dimension of the current crisis. , to which is added the struggle to eradicate cholera. I remain hopeful that the mission will have adequate financial means to help the authorities overcome these difficulties, however, the country, urging the Security Council and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) to ensure that the United Nations Haiti is “integrated, balanced and synergistic”, according to the three pillars of the Organization
The mandate of the Bureau must be “simple and concise”, for its part estimated China, second abstainer in the vote. Unfortunately, the amendments we proposed during the negotiations of the text were not retained and the resolution does not reflect the “legitimate concerns” of China regarding the capacity of the Office to fulfill its mission, regretted the country . For its part, the Russian Federation called on the new special political mission to focus on strengthening the Haitian National Police, which will be entrusted from October responsibility for the security of the population. 19659002] In its resolution, the Board also stresses that UNIHH should maintain a close and sustained relationship of coordination and information-sharing with all United Nations entities dealing with political, humanitarian, financial and human rights issues. as well as with other local and international partners present in Haiti, to avoid duplication and make best use of existing resources.
The Council also requests the Secretary-General to report to the reports it will submit every 120 days from October 16, 2019, the implementation of the resolution.
LA QUESTION CONCERNING HAITI
Text of the draft resolution (S / 2019/519)
The Security Council
Reaffirming its previous resolutions on Haiti, in particular its resolutions 2466 (2019), 2410 (2018), 2350 (2017), 2313 (2016), 2243 (2015), 2180 (2014), 2119 (2013), 2070 (2012), 2012 (2011), 1944 (2010), 1927 (2010), 1908 (2010), 1892 (2009), 1840 (2008), 1780 (2007), 1743 (2007), 1702 (2006), 1658. (2006), 1608 (2005), 1601 (2005), 1576 (2004), 1529 (2004) and 1542 (2004),
Reaffirming his firm commitment to sovereignty, independence , to the territorial integrity and unity of Haiti,
Recalling its resolution 2466 (2019), by which it authorized the extension of the mandate of the United Nations Mission for support for justice in Haiti (UNMIJUSTH) for a final period ending October 15, 2019,
Noting that in its resolution 2466 (2019) it welcomed the report of the Secretary-General of 1 March 2019 (S / 2019/198) and his recommendation that a special political mission should take over from the United Nations Mission in Support of Justice in Haiti as from 16 October 2019,
Taking note of the letter of Secretary-General, dated 13 March 2019 (S / 2019/387), in which he presented to him the precise objectives and proposed structure of the mission,
Emphasizing that it was important that the United Nations and the international community provide continued, consistent and sustainable support to the Government of Haiti so that it is better able to ensure security, stability, respect for human rights and sustainable development. long term in Haiti, in accordance with the priorities s
Conscious of the adverse effects that natural disasters have on the stability of Haiti, including earthquakes, cyclones and other meteorological phenomena, as well as their impact on land degradation and food insecurity, and emphasizing that, in the face of these factors, it is important that the Government of Haiti have adequate disaster risk assessment and response capacity,
Stressing the importance of the Haitian Government, which has the primary responsibility, to address persistent factors of instability and inequality in Haiti, and to collaborate with other stakeholders, such as society civil society, women, youth and the private sector, with a view to providing sustainable solutions to the immediate and long-term problems of the country, including economic growth and inclusive sustainable development, promoting social cohesion and building resilience to disasters, in accordance with the priorities that the country has set for itself,
Emphasizing also the importance of the Government Haiti, non-governmental organizations and the United Nations continue to work, with the support of the international community, to eradicate cholera in Haiti,
- Requests the Secretary-General to establish , for an initial period of 12 months from 16 October 2019, the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti, to be headed by a special representative of the Secretary-General, to be appointed as soon as possible and which will play a role of good offices, advice and political awareness and will fulfill the following main tasks:
(a) advise the Haitian Government on the means to promote and strengthen political stability and good governance, including the rule of law, to preserve and promote a peaceful and stable environment, including by facilitating an inclusive national dialogue among Haitians and to protect and to promote human rights;
(b) to assist the Government of Haiti in its activities in view:
(i) to plan and hold free, fair and transparent elections;
(ii) strengthen the capacity of the Haitian National Police to respond to gang violence and sexual and gender-based violence and to maintain law and order, including through the organization of training courses on human rights and crowd control;
iii) to develop an inclusive approach involving all sectors of society to reduce neighborhood violence, particularly violence. gangs,
(iv) to combat human rights abuses and violations and to fulfill its international human rights obligations;
v) d to improve the management of the prison administration and the control of places of detention to ensure that detainees are treated in accordance with international standards;
(vi) to strengthen the justice sector, including by adopting and enforcing fundamental legal texts to promote the reform of this sector, by strengthening internal control and the respect of the principle of responsibility, particularly in the fight against corruption, by tackling the problem of prolonged pre-trial detention, and ensuring that the appointment of judges is based on merit and that their mandates are renewed in a timely manner;
Application that the Bur United Nations Integrated Water in Haiti is composed of the following advisory groups: a group on political issues and good governance, with advisory capacity on good governance, justice, elections, constitutional reform and respect the principle of accountability in the public service; a group specializing in the reduction of gang violence and neighborhood violence and in the management of arms and ammunition; a Police and Prison Service Unit, which would include a maximum of 30 civilian and seconded officers serving as advisers for police and prison matters, and would be headed by a police chief of police United Nations; a group charged with human rights; a group responsible for security issues; a mission support group; as well as information units, advisory functions on gender equality, coordination and legal functions, including a victim advocate in the Office of the Representative (e) special of the Secretary-General;
Also requests that the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti give full consideration to the cross-cutting issue of gender in all its activities and assist the Government of Haiti in ensure the involvement, representation and full, effective and meaningful participation of women at all levels, and reaffirm the importance of gender expertise and capacity-building in the implementation of the mandate of the mission, taking into account the gender issue,
Requests the Secretary General to submit, in the last quarterly report, r the United Nations Mission for the Support of Justice in Haiti, which it is to present to it in October 2019, strategic objectives with indicators for the execution of the tasks defined in paragraph 1 of the present resolution, that establish in partnership with the Government of Haiti, the United Nations Mission and United Nations Country Team in Haiti
Emphasize that the activities of the United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti and the United Nations Country Team in Haiti United Nations in Haiti, which, as of 15 October 2019, will provide the technical support and program support functions previously performed by the United Nations Mission in Support of Justice in Haiti, must be fully integrated and that it is essential to make a smooth, efficient and responsible transition from the Mission to the Office to ensure the continuity of operations;
Stresses also that The United Nations in Haiti will have a close and sustained relationship of collaboration, coordination and information sharing with all United Nations entities dealing with political, humanitarian, financial and development-related issues, as well as with the United Nations. with other local and international partners present in Haiti, as appropriate, to avoid duplication and make best use of existing resources;
Requests the Secretary-General to take stock of his reports periodicals on the development and implementation of an integrated strategic framework and to include a resource mobilization strategy involving all partners, seeking the views of all stakeholders for this purpose;
also the Secretary-General to report to him, in the reports that he will present to him every 120 days from of 16 October 2019, of the application of the present resolution, including possible cases of non-execution of the mandate and the measures taken to remedy it,
Decides to remain actively seized of the matter. ]
For the Mass Media • Unofficial document.