In Haiti, the question of tourism is generally raised when there is a carnival and rara two very popular cultural events in Haiti. Are these two events, in very specific periods, sufficient to speak of a tourism sector in Haiti? What treatment accorded to heritage sites or cultural heritage in Haiti?
Heritage sites and places for the conservation of cultural property, in particular museums and arts centers, are the driving force in the tourism sector, good tourism or cultural tourism, if we want to take up the theme of Saskia Cousin. Tourism, it must be recognized, can have serious consequences, including the destruction of an entire place, if it is poorly supervised. However, it is clear that it is, for some countries, a source of income and has a great importance in the GDP, generates, among other things, many direct and indirect jobs. However, in Haiti, this sector is misunderstood and misappropriated by people and agencies who sum it up to visits to a few heritage sites, the Citadel Laferrière, the Palace of no concern, etc. In addition, the Haitian state and the private sector do not engage in their promotion, in order to attract international and local tourists.
It is enough to take a tour in Haiti to understand the contempt of the state for its heritage, legacies left by our ancestors. Indeed, without wanting to list the neglected heritage of the country, we can, in a few examples, expose this State without any awareness of the symbolic value of heritage, and try to understand how it can participate in building such a strong cultural identity . This carefree state of culture in general, and of heritage in particular, lets perish a set of most symbolic “built” heritage, compared to their importance in our history of struggle for independence. These include, among others, Forts Jacques and Alexandre, located in Fermathe; the Marie-Jeanne cave, the longest in the Caribbean (Port-à-Piment); the forts of Olives (Saint-Louis du Sud). We should not forget to mention the negligence of the State, which let the Royal Chapel of Milot burn down on April 13, 2020, classified as World Heritage by UNESCO, which was built between 1810 and 1813.
Recovery , the protection and good management of our cultural heritage could contribute to socio-economic development, if the State and the private sector agreed to make tourism a sector of economic profitability. This would undoubtedly favor local development, and even the fiscal and financial autonomy of certain local authorities. For this, the involvement of local elected representatives in this process would be very important, while the State and the private sector, due to our potential linked to the climate, our cultural goods, our gastronomy, our monuments and sites, etc. would invest in this very promising sector for the national economy. If tourism and heritage are not the priorities of the State, what are the institutions ISPAN, BNE, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Tourism and Industry, and all the national and international legal frameworks ratified about the protection in general of cultural, natural heritage, etc? ] Loading …