By Ronald Colbert
P-au-P, Jan 10, 2019 [AlterPresse] — Nine years after the devastating earthquake of Tuesday, January 12, 2010, in which over 300 thousand people were killed and significant material damage recorded, a large part of the population in Haiti continues to fear the possible effects of earthquakes, says the agency online AlterPresse.
Despite many sensitization sessions, carried out on the national territory, since the year 2010, risky behaviors have been observed everywhere
Prevention actions are lacking in the various municipalities, as regards the respect and the follow-up of the norms applicable to constructions.
A new Greater agglomeration, called “Canaan” and “Jerusalem”, extends, since summer 2010, north of Port-au-Prince. The churches – of Protestant and Roman Catholic faith – serving the inhabitants of Canaan and Jerusalem, would have inspired the choice of these names.
In the face of demographic pressure, for many years, in the metropolitan area of the capital, Port-au-Prince, without first measuring the impact of the problems of adequate public services (drinking water, current public electricity, sanitary conditions, appropriate schools, global security, green spaces, transport and public markets, etc. .), more than 300 thousand people took refuge gradually, invading a space, which was fallow until August 2010.
The various governments, which succeeded each other, from 2010 to 2019 , in Haiti, have launched, especially in the capital's metropolitan area, Port-au-Prince, housing initiatives that do not meet the immense needs, constantly voiced by the populati On the other hand, various non-governmental organizations in the provinces have established more sustainable housing units for targeted vulnerable groups.
In any case, a significant number of citizens do not take care of the precarious state of housing, where they live.
15 dead and more than 300 wounded were recorded —, during a new earthquake, magnitude 5.9 on the Richter scale, on the island of Haiti, on the evening of Saturday, October 6, 2018 (around 8:11 pm local to Port-au-Prince = 0:11 GMT on Sunday, October 7, 2018).
More than fifty earthquakes, ranging in magnitude from 2.8 to 5.9, have been recorded in the territory of Haiti during the year 2018.
On Wednesday, 19 December 2018, no damage was reported when the earth has, again, trembled, with a magnitude 3.4 s on the Richter scale, in the north-east and north-west of Haiti
Regularly, there are, at various points, in all the geographical departments in Haiti, seismic earthquakes with a rather weak magnitude. 19659003] From 2010 to 2019, earthquakes are very frequent on the island of Haiti (Republic of Haiti and Dominican Republic).
More than a year after the earthquake of 2010, the state in Haiti has created, on February 7, 2011, the Technical Unit of Seismology (Uts).
“Contributing to the preventive information and the disclosure of knowledge in the field of the seismic risk, as well as to the formation in geology , geophysics, tectonics, seismic network management, etc .; work to take into account the seismic hazard in the context of the reconstruction of the country “are part of the attributions assigned to this public entity, Uts.
There is more knowledge on the phenomenon of earthquakes. However, adequate means, including financial means, are not made available.
The results of seismic microzoning studies undertaken after 2010 in different geographical departments in Haiti are not yet taken into account.
In all municipalities, there is still no institutional plan to build sustainable alternative housing for the benefit of the population in Haiti, whose growth has increased by 184% in 57 years (for the period 1960 – 2017 / / http://perspective.usherbrooke.ca/bilan/tend/HTI/en/SP.POP.TOTL.html).
After a pilot census in 2018, the Haitian Institute of Statistics and Informatics (Ihsi ) plans, for March and April 2019, the 5th general census of the population and housing in Haiti. [rc apr 10/01/2019 0:00]