When the United Nations launched an investigation into the allegation that a Canadian peacekeeper was sexually assaulted at a Haitian woman in early 2013, the file landed on the desk of Rob Hotston.
Hotston was an investigator with the UN mission in Haiti (19659003) According to the allegation, the peacekeeper had picked up a local sex worker. “There had been a conflict between the two of them, during the course of which he had actually witnessed his arrest.”
Hotston said the woman also belonged to the UN, but in the process, she was identified as a Canadian peacekeeper. Hotston said she ran to a nearby house asking for help. The residents called the police, who passed the information along with the UN
The ID badge led the investigators to an officer who had been recruited by the RCMP from the Sûreté du Québec for the peacekeeping mission in Haiti. The officer was in the middle of his deployment at the time, but after the investigation of the United Nations, the officer left Haiti – without informing the RCMP or the UN
A few weeks later, Hotston concluded that the Canadian police officer had sexual exploitation, thus violating the terms of his peacekeeping mission.
What Happened to the United Nations, What Happened to the United States? UN
CBC News from the United States, from the United Nations to the United Nations, in the United States,
The documents also reveal that there are some consequences for Canadian officers who violate both the RCMP and the UN's rules of sexual misconduct (19659002) “It's just an “outright,” said Kaila Mintz, “who is spending a lot of time doing business with the Canadian Code of Conduct?” A personal peacekeeping.
“No Canadians should be above the law when it comes to sexual offending, especially working for the United Nations.”
The papers also show that Canada's handling of tensions And the government of Canada in the United States of America.
Officers meant to 'maintain the peace'  9659015] Canadian police officers are currently operating in Ukraine, Mali and Iraq. Canada has felt 625 peacekeepers to Haiti since 2011.
The RCMP oversees the program, called the Canadian Police Arrangement, but it also draws on about 30 provincial and municipal police forces around the country to staff the missions.
In a statement to the CBC, the RCMP noted it “strictly prohibited intimate or sexual relations with members of the local population, due to the difference in real gold (19659002) “We are sending a message to each other and we are trying to understand the situation.”
“We're sending [peacekeepers] to maintain the peace and protect the local population. Other conditions that have made life very difficult, “said Sylvain Roy, senior policy advisor with the UN. “We are not sending them to engage in romantic relations.”
If the officer is not a member of the RCMP, the police force that supplied the officer. (19659021) Six Canadian officers deployed to Haiti in the United States. (Andres Martinez Casares / Reuters)
Rob Hotston 's findings on the Sûreté du Québec. which in turn would have submitted to the Sûreté du Québec. But the Global Affairs emails state that “the officer would be relieved of responsibility by withdrawing policy (box closed).”
The RCMP would not be able to impose any sanctions. CBC, the Sûreté du Québec responded via email, only confirming that the officer “is retired from our service.”
'The problem … is real'
and the not include the names of the Canadian peacekeepers, but noted that in two of the six cases, memos show the officers retired to their disciplinary hearing.
Documents also reveal that two of the six cases resulted in the Canadian officer fathering a child. (CBC spoke to a Haitian woman who had a child with one of these officers. the name of the UN mission in Haiti.)
Even where the incident would have been considered a crime under Canada's criminal code, as one of the incidents involving a weapon would have been, ounce back in Canada the peacekeepers can not face
A memo reviewed by the CBC reveals that officials have been aware of a gap in the Criminal Code of Canada. Unlike a public service employee, a police officer deployed on a peacekeeper.
When asked about this gap in the Criminal Code, Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland said “it is totally unacceptable for [officers] to the people who are feeling to protect. And it is important for us that we have a framework here in Canada that [Translation]
Freeland said, “the problem you've identified is real and we need to find ways to address it. “
Rob Hotston is calling on Canada to change its Criminal Code to treat public servants,” so they would “face the same consequences.”
The UN's Sylvain Roy said “Canada “
Strained relations with UN
The documents reviewed by CBC also provides a glimpse of how behind closed doors, Canada's Handling of the Six Cells of Sexual Exploitation in Canada (19659002) In March 2017, a Canadian peacekeeping o fficer from Quebec's City of Saguenay Police was accused of sexual misconduct. The interviewer noted that the officer was “observed having sexual intercourse with a Haitian citizen. Has an investigation with the investigation concluding that the member had an exploitive relationship with the local citizen. “
Documents reveal that a week after the original incident, investigators at the UN question for the first time. Shortly after, Canadian authorities flew him home,
The move was not well received. In one email, a Global Affairs staff writes, ”
One Global Affairs memo notes, “The UN the matter of the prompt repatriation of the officer did not allow for the completion of the UN administrative investigation. The purpose of this report is to ensure that the officer is made available for further interviews. “
Purpose Canada dragged its feet. One document notes the limitation of Canada 's reach in such cases: “The RCMP and the officer' s service can not be able to compel the officer to participate in further interview.”
repatriated, Canada had an interview with the UN
An email from Global Affairs staff goes on to state, “The United Nations has raised concerns about the sharing of information from Canada on investigations “
The UN's Sylvain Roy told CBC,” We want the individual to remain available to us in our investigation before they're repatriated. “
A memo briefing Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale sums up
Roy said regardless of how Canada the disciplines in the field of “Suspensions and withdrawals”
While the names of the officers and the police force are redacted, Global Affairs documents reveal the “Sanctions” the six police officers received:
- Officer given five-day suspension.
- Penalties pending, officer has appealed the decision.
- Officer received a nine-day suspension.
- Case closed as home
- In the sixth case, the RCMP faced intense pressure. the UN for the repatriation of the officer before a final investigation was completed. City of Saguenay Police concluded the only sanction the officer would be given a letter in his file.
When CBC reached out to the City of Saguenay Police for comment, the police department first wrote back saying, “Since this is not a public matter, “
A week later, however, the police force informed CBC that it has received new information on the case and decided to reopen its two-and-a-half-year-old investigation.
RCMP Insp. Sean Auld, who at one point oversaw the peacekeeping program, said “we are disappointed by any member that does not meet our high standards. But I would like it, if possible, that we remembered the fact that we had a lot of trouble. “
The RCMP told the CBC that it is in the process of revising its deployment with officers and their police force in Canada. [19659002″Ifeelverystronglythatthereisaneedforchange”saidHotstonontheoverallwaytheinvestigationsarehandled”ThepeoplewhoIreallyfeelsorryfortheactualvictimsbecausetheyareleftinthelurchTheyareforgotten”
With additional reporting by Lina Forero Rubio and Inayat Singh
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