History is the witness of time, the light of truth, the life of memory, the teacher of life, the messenger of antiquity. “
Winston Churchill said: a people who forgets its past condemns to revive it.
Wednesday, November 21, 2018 ((rezonodwes.com)) – According to the prescriptions of Article 136 of the Haitian Constitution currently in force, the President of the Republic , Head of State, ensures the respect and the execution of the Constitution and the stability of the institutions. It ensures the regular functioning of the public authorities as well as the continuity of the State
The current Haitian political system recognizes a two-headed Executive Power with a President as Head of State and a Prime Minister as Head of Government; however, the Government, composed of the Prime Minister, Ministers and Secretaries of State, is responsible for conducting the policy of the Nation.
The Government is responsible to Parliament under the conditions laid down in the Constitution. Constitution (Article 156)
The country's parent law establishes the procedure for dismissing the President of the Republic and the Government. At the time of taking the US Government and Politics course as part of my Criminal Justice or Criminal Justice program at a college in Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America I could understand that, at the planetary scale, the three main aims pursued by any Government are as follows:
1) Maintenance of order;
2) Supply of goods and services to the governed;
3) Promoting Social Equality
Filling in to one of these goals is simply a failure of government. This implies that under a single presidency, several governments can succeed each other since the Parliament, simply by noting the failure of a government, can, without striking a blow, proceed to refer all or part of that government to However, the President of the Republic, who himself derives his legitimacy directly from the people, can not be deprived of his power in any way. The amended version of the Haitian Constitution of March 29, 1987 provides for this deprivation through the following procedure:
1) The Chamber of Deputies, by a majority of 2/3 of its members, pronounces the indictment of President for the crime of high treason or any other crime or offense committed in the exercise of his functions;
(the crime of high treason consists of carrying arms in a foreign army against the Republic, to serve a foreign nation in conflict with the Republic, in the fact by any official to steal the property of the State entrusted to its management or any violation of the Constitution by those in charge of enforcing it [article 21-1 de la Constitution])
2) The erection of the Senate in High Court of Justice to pronounce the dismissal of the President, followed by his dismissal before the ordinary courts, on the basis of the indictment.
However, one must not forget the non consti such as, for example, the popular uprisings
In Haiti, the year 1946 began with the fall of President Lescot on January 11, 1946, which could not withstand a student strike that began on January 7, 1946, and the coming to power of Dumarsais Estime in the same year. If President Lescot was criticized because he believed that the direction of affairs of the country was strictly reserved for ten Haitian families and their allies regardless of the existence of a people who aspired to a little more humanity, for his carelessness in identifying the serious problems that were before the national conscience, for the little attention he gives to black intellectuals and in general the most competent are considered pariahs and finally for his anti-democratic and anti -popular that weaken the trade union movement. Estimated Dumarsais seems to be the long-awaited man capable of proving the opposite of what Lescot did
The same causes always produce the same effects under the same conditions. If President Jovenel Moses thinks he is comfortable in the presidential chair in the current context of things, I firmly believe that he is making the worst mistakes since, without a shadow of a doubt, his mandate is in the eye of the President. cyclone. If nothing concrete is done to regain control of the situation, to regain or win the trust of the population, it will experience the same fate that experienced President Elie Lescot in the first half of January 1946.
If the strike that paralyzes the country for three days continues for even three more days, President Jovenel Moses will only have to pack his bags to go into exile.
a frank and sincere dialogue is immediately necessary between the various protagonists of the crisis. I said “a frank and sincere dialogue”. If, by any means, a man wants only to divorce his wife and vice versa, is it the meditation meetings between the said husband and the Dean of the Court of First Instance concerned are necessary? Other than to amuse the gallery or to kill time.
Opposition, Parliament, Government, Executive, Haitian people, it's time to stop building walls separating from each other! Let us rather, let us throw all kinds of patriotic bridges of a nature to connect with each other!
Let us not forget that what unites us, which cements us with each other, Haiti that we let's say love so much, is stronger than anything that divides us!
Let's finally quit the tears that flow so long from the eyes of our common mother, this beloved motherland that our ancestors left us as an inheritance, because of our fratricidal struggles , of our quarrels of chapel, of our intestine conflicts!
Long live Haiti! Long live Haiti! Long live Haiti!
Down with hatred! Down with the division! Down with exclusion!
Me Widlaire Pacombe
Attorney at the Bar of Mirebalais