URBAN SETTLEMENTS WORKING GROUP
Affected communities do not perceive their recovery in sectoral terms, but from a holistic, multi-sectoral perspective. Whilst sectoral approaches and technical expertise remain important ingredients in humanitarian response and recovery. An approach based on settlement / based approach, which “advocates for assistance in considering the whole population affected by a crisis, living in a specific geographical area in need of multi-sectoral support by working with multiple stakeholders”
Area based / Settlement-based authorities define “an area, rather than a sector or target group, as a primary entry point”. This approach can be particularly appropriate if it is a resident of the United States.
Whilst this approach is recognizable as one of many, its strength is achieved through building a deeper understanding of the affected populations' holistic
In recent years, this approach has been successful in bringing about a more effective and more efficient response to the problem. pave the way for recovery. The increasing application of this approach to the development of urban and rural areas by the region and the region. This is the role of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee in 2010 for a “paradigm shift in humanitarian assistance in urban areas, based on a community-based – rather than an individual or household approach”. More recently, the Habitat III summit, the Global Alliance for Urban Crises, InterAction, and strategy papers by OFDA, ECHO, and UNHCR have acknowledged and promoted these approaches. However, it is important to use this approach as it is used in the past, but it is often used as a tool in the toolbox by the overall humanitarian system.
To support the adoption of this approach, the Urban Settlements Working Group (USWG) was established in May 2017. Co-chaired by Catholic Relief Services, Impact Initiatives and InterAction, under the auspices of the Global Shelter Cluster, a key objective of the USWG is to identify promote practice and lessons learned from existing practices. With over 60 programs, USWG provides a platform for bringing together global clusters, implementing agencies, donors and academics to research, discuss and operationalize these approaches in humanitarian assistance. This publication represents a key output and important milestones of the USWG, “identifying common challenges” and “providing operational guidance.”
The USWG would like to thank the contributors to this compendium.
Overall, the approach requires further research, application and evaluation to create an informed evidence based on influence change across the world traditional humanitarian response mechanisms. Looking ahead, the USWG will continue to champion this approach in global and regional discussions, developing accessible guidance and tools in the field of health and social services
GSC Urban Settlement WG Co-Conveners Catholic Relief Services, IMPACT Initiatives and InterAction