We rely on the Imperial Constitution of 1805 and the Constitution of 1806, post-assassination of Dessalines, two fundamental charters aiming at separate separate breaks. But, just for what purpose, the first observation of our present reality and our socio-political and economic degradation. The first, aimed at consolidating the divorce with the slave system, the second, was intended to give the country a new direction without the shadow of Dessalines, until affecting the imperial flag, the first official form of government established in the country
Wednesday, November 14, 2018 ((rezonodwes.com)) – If Toussaint Louverture had passed to the French government, the first Haitian Constitution of 1801, to obtain its sanction; On the other hand, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, after our Independence, two years after Vertières, gave to Haiti, probably, the only Constitution which was never subjected to the approval of a foreign power.
All First, it should be pointed out that the Constitution of 1816 which was, of all constitutions Haitian, the one that settled for the longest time the destinies of the country, beside the 1987 Constitution with all these imperfections, has in no way spoken of Vertières, as a holiday.
The Imperial Constitution of May 20, 1805 year II of the Independence of Haiti, this fundamental pact that did not survive the one who had so legitimately deserved to be named by this ever glorious title: Liberator of his fellow citizens, a established in its article 20 su r “General Provisions” that “ The national colors are black and red “.
Certain articles of this Constitution at the bottom of which, Dessalines was the first to affix his signature while “ swearing to maintain it and to have it observed in its integrity “, after” the last sigh of his life “, led his companions of yesterday, under the influence of excessive ambition, to demonize it to question the national colors while the hymn was still nonexistent
On the top of the Citadel and the mast of the Palace Sans-Souci to Milot, it does not floated as the two-colored Red and Black until October 8, 1820 while Port-au-Prince adopted unconstitutionally ) Blue and Red since the end of the “ Battle of Sibert “
The Consti December 1806 which, when it was promulgated, Christophe et Pétion, back-to-back, after their withdrawal, made the night for too long around the glorious name of the one who broke the chains of slavery forever. in which the black race was rotting before. The Constitution of 1806 was vitiated in its origin, being the work of an illegally constituted political assembly.
The Constituent of 1806 where none article or text related to the change of the two-color by President Alexandre Pétion in 1807 was below his task, historians have reported, including Dr. Louis-Joseph Janvier, in his book “ The Constitutions of Haiti from 1801 to 1885 ”
This Constitution to which Haitians refer to the acts of the government of Pétion, was “ unworthy to fulfill the noble mission entrusted to him: that of creating a nation strong by its homogeneity and its laws. It separated with no glory bequeathing to the country a Constitu tion that no one was to respect, a civil war that lasted fourteen years “, a political malaise that still takes place today, this November 18, 2018, exactly 215 years since the victory of our ancestors in Vertières.
Speaking of a constitutional revision, the only article that President Pétion held dear was article 182. Indeed, nine years later, he was hailed “ the 3rd president for life of Haiti “. Article 182 states: “ Art. 182. -Where, in a space of nine years, to; three periods distant from each other by at least three years, the Senate will have requested the revision of some articles of the Constitution, a Revision Assembly will then be convened “.
Constitution of 1816 dealing with national holidays
“ Art. 34. National holidays, instituted by the laws of the Republic, shall be preserved; namely: that of the independence of Haiti, on January 1st of each year, that of Agriculture on May 1st, that of the birth of ALEXANDRE PÉTION, president of Haiti, will be solemnized the 2 of April, in recognition of its high virtues.
There is no mention of the Battle of Vertières that some claim today to go live “ an extraordinary day of great importance “. Could we be more royalist than the king?
Note that none of the articles of Constitutions of 1806 and 1816 related new national colors and their legal provisions while Pétion On 19 March 1807, on its own initiative, adopted the blue and red, horizontal flag. Jean-Pierre Boyer, who succeeded him in March 1818, kept the same flag. Thus, the Blue and Red this two-colored, who knew several affronts including the '
However, it should be noted that after the unfortunate events of Pont Rouge, October 17, 1806, Haiti was split for 14 years in two states. On the one hand, the Kingdom of the North and on the other hand, the Republic of Haiti, respectively governed by Alexandre Pétion and Henri Christophe. Thus Petion redrew the flag in 1807, taking the blue and the red of January 1804 by adding “ The Union is Strength ” and a square of white cloth in the middle of which were placed the coat of arms of the Republic. A change that neither the Constitution of 1806 nor that of 1816 and that of 1843 mentioned
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